Prostate cancer can be a disease that takes place in the male reproductive system. This cancer is quite common as by far the most factors behind death in the usa.
The prostate itself is accountable for creation of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland can be found involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the condition we must have finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This is one answer for the question why this usually seen in men aged fifty years along with the most frequently diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in accordance with the age, symptom that was not visible is going to be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by individuals with the illness is pain, specially when you urinate, sometimes you can expect to found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of erection dysfunction.
The diagnosing prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, may be the antigen when it within someone`s blood, the physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed if you take a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer remains under debate. Treatments vary, according to the stage. In early stages may be used prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be achieved (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removal of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is manufactured within the abdomen or perineal area, and also the patient had to undergo hospital treatment for 5-7 days. Complications that could happen is impot-ence and incontinence uri. In patients who happen to be still active love life, can be achieved Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes physical and psychological effects that can not really tolerated from the patients. Orkiektomi is an efficient treatment, is not going to require re-treatment, compared to cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostate cancer treatment. Orkiektomi usually done in the cancer who had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to treat cancer of any, B and C. Usually if the potential risk of surgery is excessive, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy towards the prostate gland can be achieved in a number of ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Unwanted effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (like redness and irritation), injury or burns on the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation therapy is usually done just as much as 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue through a small incision. The advantage of this kind of radiation treatment therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage from the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The aim is always to reduce the degree of testosterone. Reduction in testosterone levels are frequently very effective in preventing the growth and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is principally utilized to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who may have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more popular to deal with advanced prostate cancer. A good example may be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration as it offers the same result with the removal of the testes). Drugs given by means of injections, usually every three months. One side effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and imp-otence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatments are androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. Along side it effects are impote-nce, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often employed to treat signs and symptoms of prostate cancer is immune to hormonal therapy. Usually given a single drug or mix of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that could accustomed to treat prostate cancer is:
Along side it effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You need to carefully take into account the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to discover the prostate cancer treatment options that suit with you.